South Korea

1024px-changdeok_palace_ecb0bdeb8d95eab681_seoul_south_korea

Territorial boundaries: Korea is located in Asia, but South Korea is the southern half of the Korean Peninsula bounded by the Sea of Japan in the east, the Yellow Sea in the west and the Korea Strait in the south. Korea is surrounded by China, Russia and Japan

Main waterways: Surrounding Korea there is many rivers such as Amnok River located in the northwest China and to the northeast, there is the Duman river, which separates Korea from China

Area: South Korea is around 100,0210 square kilometers mass land and 290 squares water. Also, South Korea is constituted of 70% mountains and is sharing Korea with North Korea. These two countries and separated by 238 kilometers borderline. This separation is called demilitarized zone

Capital/Main cities/Populaion: is Seoul and the main cities are Seoul with around 10,349,39 people, Busan with a population of 3,678,555, Incheon with a population of 2,623,000 and daegu with a population of 2,566,540

Highest point/Lowest point: is Halla-san (1 950 meters) / is the Sea of Japan (0 meter)

Time zone: is kstc Korea standard time utc/gmt+9hours

Environment issues: are the water pollution from the sewer discharge and industrial effluents, acid rain, drift net fishing and wasteful packaging of consumer goods

Climate: South Korea is a four season destination, In January it can get till -3 Celsius to -13 Celsius. Autumn lasts from September to November around 20,8 Celsius and It’s the best time to visit the country , Spring is from March to May, March is around 5,2 Celsius, April 12 Celsius and May 17,4 Celsius. Summer is from June to august, the climate in June is around 21,9 Celsius, July is 24,9 Celsius

Fauna: The demilitarized zone is home to 83 endangered species such as red crowned crane, armur leopard, 70mammals, 300 birds and 3000 plants. South Korea has many trees such as maple, birch, oak, and ash

Transportation: he train and metro are a very good way to move around industrial cities. Seoul has one of the best metro systems. Incheon is the main hub of South Korea

History:

First part the north kingdom Goyuryeo and the two south kingdoms Silla and Baekje. These kingdoms were influenced by the Chinese culture and traditions. Then in 668 The Silla Dynasty brings together three existing kingdoms, and the arts flourish. In 1285 the Buddhist monk Ilyon writes Samguk Yusa, a classic piece of Korean literature. In 1392 the Yi Dynasty begins and the country is renamed Choson. The Yi Dynasty lasts more than 500 years. In 1592-1598 the Japanese military ruler Hideyoshi Toyotomi leads invasions of Korea. In 1895 Japan defeats China in the Sino-Japanese War, ending China’s influence over Korea. In 1905 the Russo-Japanese War ends, and Japan gains control of Korea from Russia. In 1945 ater Japan’s surrender at the end of World War II, Korea is divided into north and south zones at the 38th parallel. In 1948 the Republic of Korea is established in the south, and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is established in the north. In 1950-1953 North Korea invades South Korea. The United Nations sends a multinational force to aid the South. After heavy fighting, a truce is declared. In 2000 President Kim Dae-jung becomes the first South Korean to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Entry / Exit requirements: Canada has a free trade agreement with South Korea; Canadians with a valid passport can stay till 6months without a visa

Ecotourism: South Korea’s eco-friendly project in Seocheon, the Ecorium is an environmental visitor attraction at the National Ecology Centre in Seocheon. As explained by the site Grimshaw, the project is inspired by the oxbow lake and all “the material that is used in the building is eco-friendly, efficient green design; Steel arches delineate the ridgeline of each biome enclosure, supporting a lightweight glazing system to maximize the internal

Attractions in South Korea

Seoul: The village of Bukchon a hanok village, this village is an important attraction as it has 900 hanok, and some hanoks are furnished traditionally. Also, its Seoul’s largest concentration of Koreans homes. Its very touristy but it’s a must see, its architecture is unique and many hanok houses were turned into cafes, galleries, boutiques, hotels and museums. Also, you will have the opportunity to experience activities that will make you understand better the Joseon era.

Busan: the Buddhist temple named Haedong Yonggunsa located in Gijang-Gun, Busan. A teacher called Naong, during the Goryeo Dynasty, built the temple in 1376. The temple is a very popular cultural attraction; many tourists visit the site yearly, especially to assist to the celebration of Buddha’s birthday.

Incheon: is Jeondeungsa temple situated in the Samrangseong Fortress , built in the Goryeo dynasty. The temple has a beautiful architecture, delicate carvings, Buddha’s statues and soldier’s names written on the walls. This attraction is for backpackers and outdoor tourists.

 

 

South Korea is a magnificent country that must be seen at least once in a lifetime. Its history makes it unique. Also, the respect and culture It portrays makes it a must visit. Without forgetting that the country had many important kingdoms and it’s mostly known for its k-dramas and k-pop. This country is unique from its culture to its landscape and people should really take the time to learn more about this wonderful country. I am very happy to have been able to choose South Korea for my project, as I was able to learn a lot about the history and culture of the country.

(Dina Aznag)

References:

Lonely Planet- Seoul

National Geographic

The Korean Mind by Lafayette

http://www.timeforkids.com/destination/south-korea/history-timeline

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korea

 

http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_1_1_1.jsp?cid=264172

http://grimshaw-architects.com/exhibitions/

http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/index.kto

http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_1_1_1.jsp?cid=264172

http://www.canadianbusiness.com/blogs-and-comment/how-does-north-korea-sustain-its-economy/

http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/south-korea-country-profile.html

http://www.localhistories.org/korea.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korea

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