Quick facts about Cambodia

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Territorial boundaries: North-East: Laos; North-west: Thailand; South-east: Vietnam; South-west: Gulf of Thailand; West: Thailand; East: Vietnan

Area: 181 035 km2

Most important waterways: Gulf of Thailand, Mekhong river and Tonle Sap lake

Capital: Phnom Penh

Important cities : Phnom Peng and Siem Reap

Highest point: Phnum Aoral (1 810 meters)

Lowest point: Gulf of Thailand (0 meter)

Time zone: ICT (Indochina time) (12h ahead of us) OR UTC+7 (12h ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Environment – current issues : illegal logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand have resulted in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); soil erosion; in rural areas, most of the population does not have access to potable water; declining fish stocks because of illegal fishing and overfishing

Climate: ›Tropical, high both in temperature and humidity, and dominated by monsoons. ›April and May are the hottest months of the year. ›June sees the beginning of the South West Monsoon, and brings with it the rainy season, which continues intermittently until the end of October. ›From November to the end of February the climate is much less humid. ›But it is always quite hot

Tourist seasons: ›From November to the end of February is the high season, and the best time to visit Thailand. ›From December 15th to January 4-7th + Spring break (last week of February + 2 first weeks of March) is the peak of the high season. ›Low season (and rainy season) is from the end of May to October

Political regime: multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy

Population: 14 952 665 (2012)

Languages: Khmer (95%), French and English

Ethnic minorities: 90% Khmer, 5% Vietnamese 5%, 1% Chinese and 4% other

Religions: 96,4% Buddhist 2.1% Muslim, 1.5% other

Main sources of revenue: tourism, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles

Currency: Cambodian Riel KHR (1 CAN $ = 4 Cambodian Riel) – xe.com

Gastronomy: Cambodia is the country of one of the oldest cuisine in the world with the healthiest recipes Rice is the staple food in Cambodia and is the important ingredient to make numerous dishes. Some popular dishes that the visitors coming to Cambodia can taste is Amok (a special Khmer dish with fish, coconut milk and turmeric) and the Prahok (a type of cake which is fried in banana leaves with fresh green vegetables and steamed rice)

Protocol: When introduced to a monk, never touch him; Public displays of affection between members of the opposite sex are not supported; Never, ever point your foot at anyone; The head is sacred: Never touch anyone on the head, not even a child; Gifts are not opened in the presence of the giver

Accessibility from Montreal – Main airports: Phnom Peng and Siem Reap

Main airlines: A good enough range of flights is offered – Prioritize a Asian airline: Japan (JL), Korean (KE), Singapore (SQ), Cathay Pacific (CX),

European airlines: AF – North American airlines: AC

Entry requirements: Valid passport (6 months before return)

Tourist Visa: ›Required: Stay of 30 days or less. At your arrival at the airport or at the land borders (less reliable) – 35$US

Safety issues: Tourist facilities are well developed in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, and Sihanoukville, but limited elsewhere

Thieves, sometimes on motorcycles, grab bags and other valuables (including passports) from pedestrians, motorcycle drivers and their passengers

Personal belongings have been stolen from locked rooms, particularly in low cost accommodations. Items have been removed from luggage stored in the luggage compartments of buses, especially on journeys between Phnom Penh and Siem Reap

There have been reports that foreigners have encountered difficulties with ill-disciplined police or military personnel

Cambodia remains one of the most heavily mined countries in the world

Health issues: Be very careful when advising clients about health, as you are not a travel doctor. Strongly recommend that they should go to see a specialist!

Tap water is not good to drink

The sun can be very strong, risk of insolation – Recommend use of a sunblock 30 – Wear a hat

During the monsoon, mosquitos can be very annoying and carry malaria in certain areas – Recommend a mosquitos repellent with at least 30% of DEET

Reminder about food: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!

Vaccines to consider:

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis B

Influenza (flu)

Japanese Encephalitis

Rabies

Typhoid

Good medication to bring for:

Anti-malaria

Antibiotic to treat diarrhea

Antibiotic to treat salmonella

(Ariane)

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