Military dictatorship and Aung San Suu Kyi in Burma

Aung San Suu Kyi 

Considered the most respectful politician who ever faught for Burma’s democracy in a peaceful way.

Aung San Suu Kyi’s timeline:

1945 – She was born on June 19.

1947 – Her father is the hero of Burma, who led to Burma’s independence from England.  He was killed however, by an unknown person before the government could be established.

1960 – Aung San Suu Kyi moved to India when her mother was appointed ambassador to India.

1962 – The military coup d’état by U Ne Win occurred. The dictatorship in modified socialism in military authority began.

1962 to 1988 – Studied politics, economics, and philosophy at Oxford university in England and worked for the UN in New York. Married Michael Aris and lived in England and Buthan with their 2 children.

1988 – Returned to Burma when she learned her mother was dying.

August 8th: Protest against Burmese government over democracy and human rights broke out, resulting in the death of thousands of protesters(university students, monks and citizens).

Most of Burmese rallied behind, and supported Aung San Suu Kyi

1989 – July: Aung San Suu Kyi was confined to her home by government for 1 year in an attempt to block people’s support

1990 – May: Won the election with 82% support. As a result, the duration of her forcible confinement was extended indefinitely.

1991 – Was awarded a Nobel Prize for peace; all the while confined in her house. Her husband and son accepted the price on her behalf.

1995 – Once released from her home, she protested tirelessly for democracy and human rights for the Burmese, but her freedom was to be short-lived.

2000 – Was again confined in her home in Yangon by Burmese government

2002 – Released once again, owing to a deal struck by the UN’s.

2003 – Put once again on house-arrest for the following 6 years by a military government, based on false accusations for crimes she was not guilty of committing.

2010 – Was at last released and immediately ran in the upcoming election.

Recent : The leader of National League for Democracy(NLD) party

The military dictatorship began 1962, instigated by U Ne Win, who was Aung San’s colleague in the fight for Burma’s liberation from England. After Aung San died, the Burmese government was not yet strong enough to hold itself aloft, so U Ne Win took up leadership by force by means of a military coup d’état. His dictatorship under military authority, under the guise of socialism, would reign for the following 26 years.

The Burmese desired to win their freedom, and climb out from under the government’s controls, This was difficult, even Once U Ne Win’s dictatorship ended. His dictatorship was succeeded by Saw Maung, who controlled Burma until 1992, only to be overtaken by Than Shwe who controlled the country from 1992 to 2011. Than Shwe’s power was strong, partially die to the ferocity of his wife, Kyang Kyaing. She is well-known to have ordered troops to fire on protesting monks, encouraging the start of the Saffron Revolution.

In 2010, he released Aung San Suu Kyi, his old enemy, and allowed her to fight in the Burmese election, and in April 2011, he decided to end his rule and turn over power from the military government to the civilian government. The more the military dictatorship controlled the people, the more they rebelled; protesting against tyranny and amassing behind Aung San Suu Kyi as a leader, who fought sincerely for their rights and freedom. These desires cannot be suppressed by the military force; a reality which contributed to Than Shwe’s abandonment of his dictatorship in Burma. Burmese dictatorship still continues however.  Thein Sein, who was one of the members of military powers has now taken up a stronghold, despite the election in 2011.

Superficially nowadays, Burma is in a democracy, but not only does it still restrict the people’s freedom of expressions, but also prevents Aung San Suu Kyi from legally running for office. Even though she was released from confinement, she is still restricted by Burmese government. I hope that Burma can finally achieve a fully democratic governement that will respect all people’s rights and freedoms.  I personally look forward to seeing that she becomes the president of Burma because I like her peaceful protest; much as Gandhi did, even though the enemy uses force against her.

(Hyunjin Seo)



One thought on “Military dictatorship and Aung San Suu Kyi in Burma

  1. Interesting article Hyunjin.
    I did not know about the situation in Burma before this article and our Asia class.
    I really like the way you described the real situation that is going on now in Burma.
    The last sentence of your blog post is very touching, because it is true that there are so many good political leaders who are struggling only because they want to help their own countries and people there. Unfortunately, today, nobody really cares about this issue and it is so hard to get more attention to the current problems. I wish tourists could help local people in some ways, but I do not think there are any ways like this:(
    (Daria Zaborovetc)


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